The Program

Four State Types

As mentioned in the Strategy, there are in fact four different programmes - each tailored specifically to the culture, policy and economy of the selected country.

The program consists of starting up a Pass It On Company this summer, and at the same time offer the local police a training program including a process of knowledge and trust building between population and police officers.

TurningPoints perceives this first phase of the program as a pilot phase, where the concept is tested and adapted to the cultures, classes and conditions in which they are established. There is much to be learned and developed. This must be done locally and with the employees of the companies.

We have programmed to start with 4 locally adapted initiatives. These initiatives are each adapted to a particular state type and a particular population segment. This approach uses features from TurningPoint's police training, which is also divided into four types - depending on the type of state and government.

Oncethe pilot phase has been completed and the experience gained, a larger number of companies can be established. In TurningPoints, we expect a relatively rapid development and expansion of this business concept.

TurningPoints has described the four different Pass It On initiatives in four different state types, each with their own economy, in relation to a selected population, and the challenges that it will entail.

Program 1 (Full democracies)

In states of full democracy, the start up of a Pass It On Company will be challenged by laws, bureaucracy and high financial expenditures which will make the start up process slow in the beginning.

The capacity and understanding of the idea will, however, be high, especially between young highly educated out-of-job-persons.

The idea is that a good place to start will be among these young precariats. They have capacity, but no money. This problem must be dealt with. Good countries could be Spain, Greece, Italy because they have very high unemploymentrates among the youth, who come with high capacity - and thus are motivated.

Program 2 (Flawed democracies)

In states with flawed democracy the start up of a Pass It On will probably be challenged by 'old' forms of bureaucracy and attitudes. The financial expenditures will be lower than the full democracy. This will make the start up easier also because the capacities of the persons involved will be almos equal to that of full democracies.

The European flawed democracies still have a lot of heavy industry which is influencing the road of education as well as the perception of work and economy. The East European history can influence the attitudes toward the Pass It On Companies. This could come both as a positive recognintion of the basic values, or it could come as a rejection of former oppression.

Flawed democraties are countries such as Estonia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia and Lithuania.

Program 3 (Hybrid regimes)

In states with hybrid regimes the Pass It On start up will likely meet corruption, bureaucracy and threats in the form of lack of protection. The result will be that the start up process will take a prolonged time, have set-backs and that the concept will meet skepticism.

The founding values of the Pass It On Concept will only be partly understood as will the idea about sustainability. There is a low capacity to democracy, participation in decision processes and conflict resolution. The main motivation will be to have work and earn a vage. This probably means that the capacity is low. However, the need is high, and the financial expenditure is low.

If the expectations to pace and 'ownership' are kept low, the product being produced 'crude' and the organisational processes 'robust' the start up could be low cost with high impact and high growth.

Hybrid regimes are countries such as Albania, El Salvador, Guatemala.

Program 4 (Authoritarian states)

In states with authoritarian regimes there will not be a free market, but a market prone with selective laws and 'traditions'. There will be corruption, threats and even direct violence. The resul is that there will be a general low capacity and a long roll-out time of a Pass It On Concept. However, the need is there.

In many demographic segments the ideas of TurningPoints will not be understood, but the economical need as well as the need for security is there.

The main motivation to begin with will probably be to earn a living. With time, experience and learning capacity will grow as will trust. This could turn to wide support for the idea - which could be a dangerous situation. This development process needs to be carried out with caution.

Authoritarian states are countries such as Myanmar, Cambodia and Afghanistan.

The General Program

You can find a general program as part of the Pass It On Concept here.